Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness and swelling on the face. Often, but wrongly referred to as “adult acne,” rosacea may begin with redness in the center of the face that gradually covers the cheeks and chin. As the disease progresses, small blood vessels and tiny pimples begin to appear on the reddened area.
Do’s and Don’ts
- The exact cause of rosacea is still unknown, although studies have shown many factors can irritate the condition.
- Drinking alcohol of any type, spicy foods, hot drinks, coffee, nuts and smoking will cause blood to rush to the affected areas and aggravate flushing. It’s important to note that alcohol may worsen a case of rosacea, although symptoms may be just as severe in someone who doesn’t drink at all. Learn more about the Rosacea Triggers (pdf file).
- Limiting exposure to sunlight, or extreme hot and cold temperatures will help relieve the symptoms of rosacea.
- Rubbing or massaging the face should also be avoided because it will tend to irritate the reddened skin.
- Avoiding irritating cosmetics will help prevent redness and swelling.
Each treatment will be tailored to the individual patient. Improvement will be noticeable in 4-6 weeks.
- Topical gels, creams or lotions may be prescribed.
- Oral Antibiotics may be needed for more severe cases or for Ocular Rosacea, which manifests with dryness, scratchiness, or watering of the eyes.
- Small blood vessels on the face may be treated with a small electric needle to close them off.
For more information on Rosacea, visit the AAD Website HERE.